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Paris-Charles de Gaulle airport, largest hub in Europe

Paris-Charles de Gaulle, located 25 kilometres north of Paris, welcomed 76.2 million passengers in 2019, making it the leading airport in France and the 2nd largest in Europe.

Paris-Charles de Gaulle serves 328 destinations in 119 countries.

Key figures

  • 76,2 million passengers

  • 328 destinations covered in 119 countries

  • 4 runways

  • 298 aircrafts parking stands including 131 in contact with the terminals

  • 90 190 direct jobs

76,2 million passengers

328 destinations covered in 119 countries

4 runways

298 aircrafts parking stands including 131 in contact with the terminals

90 190 direct jobs

As the hub of the national airline Air France and the main European hub of the Sky Team alliance, the airport handles the largest share of long-haul flights from Paris. Its connecting platform makes it the 3rd European hub for global connectivity (source: Hub Connectivity report), but the 1st for intercontinental traffic. 

The airport has nine passenger terminals spread over three large terminals and two independent runway doubles adapted to very large aircraft, which allow a maximum scheduling capacity of 120 movements per hour. 

The airport has 298 aircraft parking positions, 131 of which are in contact with the terminals. Finally, Paris-Charles de Gaulle is also home to the European hub of the express carrier FedEx and the largest cargo area in Europe. More than 700 companies are present at the Paris-Charles de Gaulle hub, which provides 90,190 direct jobs in all sectors of activity.

A privileged location for the traffic

Point-to-point traffic  accounts for over two-thirds of passenger traffic at Paris-Charles de Gaulle airport. the airport is also ideally located.  
The airport is also ideally located  to attract connecting traffic, thus boosting long-haul traffic since Paris is less than two hours by air from all major Western European cities.
In 2017, connecting traffic accounted for 30.6% of traffic.

A powerful hub

Paris-Charles de Gaulle airpor is the global hub of the airline Air France-KLM and the main European hub of the SkyTeam alliance.

3rd European hub for global connectivity (number of cities covered), behind Frankfurt and Amsterdam According to the ACI Europe “Airport Industry Connectivity 2017” report which assesses the network of connections offered at airports.

It is the European hub of La Poste and FedEx, the extension underway will enable an approximate 50% increase in sorting and parcel processing capacity and will be operational in 2019. It is also home to all of the main international freight companies.

Its processing capacity of around 3.6 million tonnes of cargo per year provides expansion opportunities for cargo companies.

Airlines and cities served

The main airlines operating from Paris-Charles de Gaulle airport serve 325 cities. The breakdown is as follows: Air France (52.5% of the traffic), EasyJet (7.2%), Delta Airlines (2.4%), Vueling (1.6%), Lufthansa (1.5%).

Easy acces to the airport

The airport is served by a road and railway network that provides easy access for passengers, cargo transporters and airport personnel. This places it at the cutting edge for intermodality compared with other airports. The airport is accessible thanks to the proximity of motorways, a TGV high-speed train station at the heart of terminal CDG2, two RER commuter stations and a coach station at terminal 1. Lastly, the automatic shuttle rail service CDGVal, connects the three airport terminals, the RER-TGV stations and the long-stay car parks.

As part of the “New Grand Paris” project, the Prime Minister indicated that the government would like line 17 between Saint Denis Pleyel and the Paris-Le Bourget airport, to be in service by 2024 and with an extension as far as the Paris- Charles de Gaulle airport by 2030. The airport will then be located 35 minutes from La Défense and 32 minutes from the Saint Lazare train station with a connection at Saint Denis Pleyel. Line 17 was declared of public utility by Decree on 14 February 2017.

The CDG Express project, which will link the airport to the Gare de l’Est in 20 minutes The link is expected to be commissioned by 2024.

There are around 28,600 parking spaces at Paris-Charles de Gaulle airport, 18,000 of which are in adjacent car parks (in direct contact with the terminals).

Paris-Orly airport, the airport near Paris

Paris-Orly, located 10 kilometres south of Paris, is France's 2nd largest airport in terms of traffic and welcomed 31.9 million passengers in 2019.

Serving 128 destinations in 48 countries, the airport has a large, diversified and constantly expanding direct medium and long-haul air offer, contributing to the attractiveness and international influence of the southern Paris region.

Key figures

  • 76,2 millions passengers

  • 128 destinations covered in 48 countries

  • 40% of traffic with low-cost airlines

  • 75 aircraft parking stand 39 of which are in contact with the aircraft

  • 28 360 direct jobs

76,2 millions passengers

128 destinations covered in 48 countries

40% of traffic with low-cost airlines

75 aircraft parking stand 39 of which are in contact with the aircraft

28 360 direct jobs

Major modernisation work has unified the former South and West terminals, so that today the airport consists of a single large terminal with four check-in areas: Orly 1, Orly 2, Orly 3 and Orly 4. 

The upgrading of the airport's terminal infrastructures and services, combined with the economic and tourist attractiveness of the southern Paris Region basin, are all assets likely to attract new direct air services that complement those of Paris-Charles de Gaulle, particularly to the main global markets with strong growth potential (Asia, Africa, the Americas).

Home to nearly 28,360 direct jobs, the airport is an integral part of an economic hub with more than 157,400 employees, including the Rungis market of national interest, Sogaris (a semi-public limited company of the Rungis bus station) and the Belle-Epine shopping centre.

The primary advantages

Paris-Orly has many strengths that help it to cater for the needs of airlines and passengers. Given its location less than 15 minutes from Paris and its access to dense road networks and public transport links (including the RER B and C, Orlyval, OrlyBus, the Tramway, which offers access to the metro, Cars Air France (coaches) and the Massy TGV train station link, etc.),

Paris-Orly is particularly attractive for passengers due to its easy access, range of destinations, human scale and proximity to Paris.

For airlines, Paris-Orly’s main operational strengths are an average taxiing time of less than six minutes, runways that are close to the terminals and a very smooth approach.

Point to point traffic

Paris-Orly airport’s traffic is mainly origin/destination traffic. In 2017, however, connecting passengers accounted for about 6.8% of departing traffic, or more than 1.1 million passengers.

Over the last seven years, passenger traffic at Paris-Orly has been steadily growing, with record passenger traffic levels since 2013. There has also been a change in structure, with strong growth in European traffic offset by a fall in domestic traffic, particularly because of the cap of 250,000 landing and take-off slots attributable each year, as well as the impact of the TGV high-speed train on domestic flights. The South-Eastern LGV line was commissioned on 1 July 2017. This change has been accompanied by an increase of nearly 22.8% in the number of passengers per aircraft since 2009, with an average of 140 passengers in 2017, versus 114 passengers in 2009. During this period, the size of the modules used at the airport has constantly increased.

3 runways for a fluid traffic

There are three runways at Paris-Orly with a scheduling capacity of 72 aircraft movements per hour. Runways 3 and 4 can accommodate A380s. In 2017, there were 229,027 aircraft movements at Paris-Orly airport.

The airport has 71 aircraft parking stands, 56% of which are contact stands. The 2017 use of contact stands for departure was around 88.6%.

Multiplication of access to the platform reinforcing proximity to Paris

The Paris-Orly platform is located at the junction of the A6 and A10 motorways and close to the A86 motorway. It is also served by the RER combined with a dedicated automatic metro line, called Orlyval.

Line 7 of the tramway was put into service on November 16, 2013 and connects the airport directly to line 7 of the Paris metro and the future “Coeur d’Orly” district. Phase 2 of the project (extension to Juvisy) is under study.

Several other projects are currently in progress or under consideration to improve service to the platform. The “New Greater Paris” project provides in particular for Paris-Orly airport to be served from 2024 by two new connections: the extension of line 14 connecting
Paris-Orly airport to the capital, eventually allowing a connection in 27 minutes to the Châtelet station in the center of Paris, or 40 minutes to Saint-Denis Pleyel, via an automatic metro and the new line 18 linking Paris-Orly to Saclay plateau and Versailles then longer
term in Nanterre. The platform would then be located 30 minutes from Versailles (depending on the ongoing arbitrations of the State).

The declarations of public utility (DUP) for lines 14 and 18 were obtained in July 2016 and March 2017 respectively. Preparatory work began in 2017.

As part of the South interconnection project for high-speed lines, a TGV station could also be created by 2030, opening up access to the vast French and European TGV service network.

Paris-Orly airport has approximately 14,553 parking spaces, including approximately 10,829 located in nearby car parks, in direct contact with the terminals.

Regulatory constraints

The traffic at Paris-Orly airport is subject to two regulatory constraints :

Daily curfew from 23:30 to 6:00
Limited to 250,000 per year for take-off and landing (Order of 6 October 1994 by the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Tourism). In 2014, the number of aircraft movements totalled 229,007, down 2.3% compared to 2016.

Paris-Le Bourget, the leading European business airport

Located 7km north of Paris, Paris-Le Bourget airport can accommodate all types of aircraft, from a small business twin-engine to an Airbus A380.

Equipped with three runways, the number of aircraft movements totaled 57,295, in 2018.

Key figures

  • 1st business airport in Europe

  • 56 645 aircraft movements

  • 15 business aviation companies and 8 FBOs

  • 100 etablished companies

  • 3 500 direct jobs

1st business airport in Europe

56 645 aircraft movements

15 business aviation companies and 8 FBOs

100 etablished companies

3 500 direct jobs

Balanced traffic

Paris-Le Bourget is the leading business aviation airport in Europe and serves around 800 destinations. The airport is able to accommodate all types of aircraft, including wide-bodied aircraft, and benefits from a balanced traffic mix between based and non based aircraft, business, medical, official and private travel. Its business clientele is divided one-third between large companies, co-owned aircraft and occasional rentals. 
Paris-Le Bourget is home to 15 business aviation companies and 8 FBOs (private terminals). The number of aircraft movements amounted to 54,646 in 2019.

A major center for the aeronautical industry

The Bourget complex is home to nearly 100 aircraft maintenance, equipment and fitting-out companies, employing more than 3,500 people and constituting a real cluster for the aeronautics industry. Paris-Le Bourget is also home to the Air and Space Museum and the International Air and Space Show (SIAE), which is the world's largest air show and is held every two years.

Ten general aviation airports and one heliport

The Paris-Issy-les-Moulineaux heliport is attached to the management of Paris-Le Bourget airport as well as the ten civil general aviation aerodromes located in the Ile-de-France region.

10 civil airfields and 1 heliport

Groupe ADP manages 10 civil airfields for general aviation and 1 heliport located in the Ile de France region.
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